Автомобильные фары: история и виды

Можете поверить
в то, что на первых транспортных средствах не были установлены световые
приборы? Из-за этого было опасно передвигаться в темное время суток, на это
решались только настоящие смельчаки. С развитием технологий появлялись новые
виды фар, которые мы привыкли видеть в современной комплектации автомобилей.

История автомобильных фар

Первые
автомобильные фары были представлены в виде керосиновых ламп. Они
устанавливались с помощью простой конструкции, которая крепилась к
транспортному средству. Часто в качестве ламп использовали обычные бытовые
светильники. Такие приборы никак не регулировали транспортное движение, а
только давали понять, что на дороге кто-то есть.

В 1896 году
начали использовать ацетиленовые фары, которые запатентовал Луи Блерио.
Подобные конструкции применялись в то время на паровозных установках. Они
хорошо освещали дорогу, но их было тяжело запустить, для этого приходилось
открывать специальный кран для подачи ацетилена, открывать фары и зажигать
горелки. Такие осветительные приборы применяют и в наше время на маяках.

Электрические
фары обрели популярность только в 20-х годах XX века. Они были представлены в
виде электрических прожекторов, которые отлично обеспечивали освещение. Но была
одна проблема: ослепление встречных водителей. Именно поэтому начали
устанавливать корректоры фар для регуляции яркости.

Виды автомобильных фар

Выделяют такие
типы:

  • Фары с лампами накалывания. Их
    применяли на всех машинах, которые производили до 90-х годов. Такие лампы
    устанавливают и в наше время, но используют более усовершенствованные варианты.
  • Галогенные фары. Начали активно
    применяться с 1962 года. Обеспечивают хорошее освещение, но имеют не очень
    длительный период использования.
  • Ксеноновые фары. Пользуются
    наибольшей популярностью среди автомобилистов. Это обусловлено низким уровнем
    потребления электричества, обеспечением хорошей видимости и созданием мощного
    светового потока.
  • Светодиодные фары. Представляют собой
    модифицированную версию стандартных лампочек, что позволяет обеспечить
    эффективное, надежное и качественное освещение. Чаще всего устанавливаются в
    дорогостоящих моделях.
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