Что такое трансмиссия

Люди, которые никак не связаны с управлением автомобиля, слово «трансмиссия» не говорит ни о чем. По сути, и многие водители не до конца понимают данный автомобильный термин.

Чтобы узнать об этом подробнее, нужно перейти по указанной ссылке.

Что это такое

Если сказать по большому счету, то для того, чтобы иметь понимание назначения этого термина и его необходимость наличие в транспортных средствах, нужно иметь соответствующее образование инженера.

Однако нам придется попробовать это сделать со стороны обычного обывателя.

Само слово впервые было переведено с итальянского языка. Оно звучало так «transmissio», что означает переход, передача. Если слово поставить в неопределенную форму глагола, то получится переходить, передавать.

По сути, трансмиссия представляет собой процесс, посредством которого передается энергия от источника транспортного средства, т.е., от двигателя внутреннего сгорания, к рабочим механизмам авто, конкретно, к колесам.

Из чего состоит трансмиссия

Если говорить совсем простым языком, то трансмиссия является механическим узлом, состоящим из нескольких компонентов. В частности:

  • сцепления;
  • коробки передач;
  • передачи карданного вала;
  • главной передачи;
  • устройств, обеспечивающее различную скорость вращения в один момент ведущей паре колес. Если коротко, то оно называется дифференциалом, который и входит в устройство трансмиссии;
  • полуоси.

Вот такой нехитрый комплект на первый взгляд, который и является представителем этого немаловажного механизма транспортных средств.

Виды трансмиссий

Трансмиссия различается на 3 вида:

  • передний привод;
  • задний привод;
  • полный привод, который включает в себя первых два варианта приводов.

Как правило, в большинстве своем на современных транспортных средствах применяется передний привод. Размещается узел под капотом авто. Двигатель с таким приводом имеет повышенный КПД.

Задний привод чаще всего устанавливается на спортивных авто, в виде спорткаров, которые применяются для участия в экстремальных гонках или соревнованиях по дрифту.

Полный привод обеспечивает крутящий момент одновременно на все 4 колеса.

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