Порядок действий при аварии на трассе

Авария всегда несет в себе повышенную опасность, особенно если автомобиль сломался на автомагистрали. Что бы снизить риски необходимо в данной ситуации придерживаться определенному алгоритма действий.




Как только вы поняли, что с машиной что-то не так, вы должны включить аварийные огни, что бы участники дорожного движения были осведомлены о возникших проблемах. Таким образом автомобилисты могут заранее подготовиться к внезапной остановке, увеличив интервал, а так же снизив скорость.

В момент когда вы поняли, что ваш автомобиль не исправен, вам необходимо найти безопасное место для остановки. Как правило, вдоль трассы всегда есть широкая обочина, которые предназначены для аварийной остановки. Если остановка произошла по средине дороги, и у вас есть возможность откатить автомобиль на обочину, включите аварийные огни и покиньте машину.  В случае отсутствия обочины прижмите автомобиль как можно ближе к правому краю дороги. Выверните руль в право, это предотвратить выезд машины на дорогу.

После полной остановки и включения аварийных огней, вы и другие пассажиры должны покинуть автомобиль. Безопаснее всего осуществлять эвакуацию пассажиров с правой стороны, так как обгон по правилам дорожного движения осуществляется слева.




После того как вы осуществили все выше указанные действия, необходимо оценить повреждения и можете ли вы самостоятельно их устранить. В случае если имеются пострадавшие, то необходимо вызвать полицию, скорую или МЧС. Если сломался только ваш автомобиль поломка не привела к ДТП, то необходимо вызвать эвакуатор, который доставит автомобиль до ближайшего автосервиса.

Номер эвакуатора у вас должен быть всегда под рукой. Так же их может быть несколько, зависимости от региона в который вы отправляетесь, например, номер эвакуатора по Шаховскому району, подробности можно узнать на https://volok-evakuator.ru/shaxov.php.

Оденьте светоотражающий жилет. Это поможет другим участникам дорожного движения увидеть вас в темное время суток или при низкой видимости из-за тумана или дождя. Не забудьте выставить аварийный знак. В населенном пункте он должен стоять на расстоянии не менее 15 метров, а на трассе не менее чем за 30 метров от автомобиля.

Самое главное в любой не предвиденной ситуации соблюдать спокойствие и помнить алгоритм действий. При попадании в ДТП с повреждениями автомобиля и травмами, сначала выберетесь сами из машины и позвените в ответствующие службы.

Оператор будет вести разговор и давать четкие указания к действиям, так как при более сложных авариях люди чаще всего совершают много не нужных действий, которые только усугубляют ситуацию. Например, начинают пытаться вытаскивать пассажиров из автомобиля у которых имеются травмы, тем самым усугубляя их состояние.

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