Правильное техобслуживание – залог надёжной работы автомобиля

Безопасность водителя и надёжная работа автомобиля зависят от технического состояния транспортного средства. Чтобы избежать дорожно-транспортных происшествий из-за неисправности машины, нужно вовремя проводить плановое техобслуживание (ТО). Эта статья будет полезна автолюбителям, которые хотят продлить срок службы своего авто.

Что значит техническое обслуживание

Техобслуживание – это профилактические работы, которые проводятся для поддержания исправного состояния автомобиля. В него входят следующие операции:

  • заправка авто;
  • диагностика;
  • смазочные работы;
  • регулировка систем;
  • проверка автоэлектрики;
  • замена износивших деталей;
  • балансировка колёс.

Во многих городах есть специализированные сервисные центры, в которых проводят плановое ТО определённых марок автомобилей. Например, ремонт и обслуживание всех моделей Шкода проводит ТехЦентр SkdPart. Подробнее об условиях можно узнать на сайте автосервиса.

Виды техобслуживания

В технической документации любого транспортного средства указаны рекомендации производителя по проведению плановых осмотров. В среднем периодичность проверок составляет каждые 15000 км пробега. Однако такие рекомендации составлены без учёта неблагоприятных условий. Плохое качество топлива, смазочных материалов, а также высокие эксплуатационные нагрузки авто сокращают сроки между проведением техосмотров. Кроме планового осмотра необходимо ТО автомобиля при смене сезонов. В зависимости от периодичности осмотров, сложности и количеству нужных работ техобслуживание бывает:

  • ежедневное ТО;
  • сезонное обслуживание;
  • ТО-1;
  • ТО-2;
  • текущий ремонт;
  • капитальный ремонт.

Ежедневное обслуживание

При выполнении ежедневного обслуживания следует заправить автомобиль, проверить уровень рабочих жидкостей, если надо долить их. Обязательно нужно проверить манометром давление в шинах, в случае необходимости подкачать их.

Сезонное обслуживание

Основная цель сезонного техобслуживания — подготовка машины к эксплуатации зимой или летом. В комплекс работ по сезонному обслуживанию входит проверка охлаждающей системы и пускового подогревателя, замена масла, осмотр топливной системы, смена автомобильных покрышек.

ТО-1 и ТО-2

Первое обслуживание проводят после года эксплуатации автомобиля или через 10-15 тыс.км пробега. Во время ТО-1 проверяют надёжность креплений, корректируют ход педалей, регулируют или меняют ремни генератора, проверяют все системы автомобиля. Выявив неисправности, устраняют их. При выполнении ТО-2 список работ расширяется. Нужно провести полную диагностику авто, отрегулировать все узлы и системы, а также заменить изношенные детали.

Текущий и капитальный ремонт

В случае мелких неисправностей или небольших повреждений, для устранения поломок проводят текущий ремонт. Для восстановления после крупных повреждений кузова и других узлов машины, а также выработки ресурса двигателя нужен капитальный ремонт. При этом разбирают авто, ремонтируют или меняют повреждённые детали. После этого его собирают, регулируют все системы, проводят испытания.

В заключение статьи нужно напомнить читателям, что исправный автомобиль — гарантия безопасности всех участников дорожного движения.

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