Особенности трансмиссионных масел

В настоящее время купить трансмиссионное масло можно в различных специализированных магазинах, в том числе и в интернете.

Современный автомобиль состоит из большого количества деталей, механизмов, узлов и компонентов. При этом многие детали взаимодействуют друг с другом, создавая трение, при разных нагрузках. Конечно, так называемое «сухое» трение часто способствует тому, что сопрягаемые поверхности очень изнашиваются. В результате повышается температура, могут возникнуть деформация, разрушение компонентов и прочие.

Именно по этой причине смазочные материалы используются в различных механических элементах. Коробка передач, независимо от типа, не является исключением. Этот агрегат заполняется специальным трансмиссионным маслом, которое немного отличается по свойствам от моторного.

Перечень основных требований к трансмиссионным жидкостям включает, в основном, следующие:

• снижение потерь на трение;

• эффективное охлаждение сопряжённых поверхностей;

• защита от износа, деформации;

• минимизировать ударную нагрузку;

• снижение шума от шестерен;

• снижение уровня нагрузки на вибрации;

• низкая токсичность и простота переработки масел;

Чтобы полностью соответствовать требованиям и иметь возможность выполнять свои основные функции в течение всего срока службы, трансмиссионное масло должно обладать следующими свойствами: низкая склонность к пенообразованию, противоизносные свойства, стойкость к окислению, температурным показателям, высокая вязкость, защитные свойства при контакте с водой, химическая стойкость и прочие. Также можно отметить, что масло не должно быть агрессивным по отношению к различным резиновым уплотнительным элементам.

Эта жидкость способна образовывать плотные и стабильные плёнки на деталях и хорошо защищает их от износа. Однако недостатком является короткий срок полезного использования, быстрая потеря свойств и зависимость от температуры (особенно от минусовой).

Трансмиссионное масло подбирается, исходя из требований производителя агрегата, степени нагрузки и рабочих температур.

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