Ступицы колес автомобиля: назначение и устройство

Ступицы колес –
это одна из главных частей ходовой системы транспортного средства. Желательно
проводить осмотр каждый месяц, чтобы вовремя определять неисправности. От
состояния деталей зависит безопасность не только водителя, но и всех
пассажиров.

Назначение ступиц колес

Ступицы
приводят колеса во вращение и удерживают их во время движения. Также они
обеспечивают торможение транспортного средства, так как в этой части крепятся
необходимые тормозные элементы. В некоторых современных машинах в эти детали
встраивают датчики или другие устройства импульсного характера. Таким образом,
эта часть автомобиля выполняет такие функции:

  • удерживает диск колес транспортного
    средства;
  • является устройством для крепления
    элементов тормозной системы;
  • обеспечивает вращение колеса;
  • обеспечивает вращение от полуоси.

Как устроены ступицы колес?

Ступицы во
время функционирования выдерживают высокое давление, поэтому их производят из
стали с помощью обработки токарного характера. Деталь имеет круглую форму,
несколько отверстий и непростую комплектацию. Каждая часть обладает своими
особенностями:

  • Обод внешнего назначения оснащен
    отверстиями, которые предназначены для болтовых элементов. Они нужны для
    удержания колес. В некоторых транспортных средствах используют шпильки, вместо
    болтов.
  • Часть ступицы внутреннего назначения
    необходима для комплектации подшипников.
  • Шлицы предназначены для полуоси
    шруса.

Ступицы – это
надежные детали, которые отличаются долговечностью и прочностью. Они редко
ломаются и подвергаются ремонту, что позволяет снизить финансовые расходы.
Появление дефектов возможно только после ДТП или сильных столкновений. При
нормальной работе, ступицы заменяют только если невозможно извлечь подшипники.

Также замену
проводят, если происходит износ соединения резьбы болтов. Если подшипники
снимаются отдельно, то срок применения ступиц практически неограничен.

Если вы
заметили ухудшения в работе транспортного средства, то лучше обратиться в
автосервис. Специалисты помогают определить проблему и решить нужна замена
ступиц или нет. Также проверка этих деталей производится при плановом
техосмотре или во время проведения других ремонтных работ.

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